By Carolyn Barker-Villena
Around the United States, cities are beginning the process of re-opening after months of observing stay-at-home orders. But for our neighbors to the south, the suffering from COVID-19 is escalating, with the rate of new cases and deaths in Latin America rivaling some of the worst-hit countries in Europe — a tragedy that is going largely unnoticed by the rest of the world.
The impact of coronavirus in Latin America — which the World Health Organization now calls the global epicenter of the pandemic — will compound suffering already caused by crises of displacement, insecurity, crime and grinding poverty, and perhaps put the U.S. recovery at risk.
This anguish affects me both professionally and personally. It is my career and vocation to walk with the people of Latin America as they work to improve the lives of their families. But this also directly affects my staff in the region and their families as well as my own relatives and friends who live there and with whom I am in contact on a daily basis.
Taking its toll
In Rio de Janeiro, people are literally dropping dead on the streets from silent hypoxia. Meanwhile, President Jair Bolsonaro insists COVID-19 isn’t a problem and disregards Brazilian health officials’ warnings despite having the 2nd highest number of cases in the world, surpassing Spain and Russia with more than 400,000 cases.
Peru is the next hardest-hit country in Latin America, with more than 130,000 cases and a rate of 4,000 new infections every day despite strict stay-at-home policies since late March. Hospitals are overwhelmed. In some cases, patients are being treated on the streets. Markets are some of the only establishments that remain open since Peruvians can leave their homes only to buy food. Yet in one central market in Lima, 150 of 200 vendors recently tested positive for COVID-19.
In Guayaquil, Ecuador, bodies are piling up on the streets because funeral homes are full. Some families don’t even know where their loved ones are.
Meanwhile in Nicaragua, President Daniel Ortega is downplaying the impact of COVID-19 claiming few cases, but yet the country’s hospitals are overflowing with pneumonia patients. In El Salvador, President Nayib Bukele has implemented what some consider draconian measures to control the spread of COVID-19 while brazenly overlooking violations of basic human rights.