In rural areas of Bihar State’s Chakai Block of Jamui District, small land-holding farmers have difficulty providing food for their families year round due to low agricultural production. To meet food and other household needs, these farmers often engage in agricultural labor, which is seasonal and does not assure a fixed or steady income throughout the year. With support from Foods Resource Bank (FRB), LWR is working with Action for Social Advancement (ASA) to increase the agricultural production of 500 small-farming households to ensure year-round food availability and increased income through the sale of surplus produce to meet basic household needs. This project plans to build capacity in imrproved agricultural practices, construct needed irrigation infrastructure for participating communities and address key gender-based constraints in agriculture.
Challenges & Gender-Based Constraints
- Low agricultural production four to five months per year
- Lack of irrigation facilities leads to single cropping
Low Levels of Income
- Seasonal agricultural labor (lack of steady income)
- Migration of men outside the community for work (approximately 70% total, 15% of whom are gone for 8 months, the rest for about 2 months to nearby cities)
Women’s Time Constraints
- Women get up very early to collect forest timber to sell
- Women complete more time-consuming agricultural tasks, such as crop weeding, transplanting and harvesting
- Women undertake the majority of household chores
To increase production of cereals, including rice and wheat, by 60% and pulses by 50%, as well as introduce vegetable cultivation to 500 farming households through improved agriculture practices, inputs and technologies.
To provide irrigation benefits to 500 farming households to cover 15 decimals of land by each irrigation structure, through creation of small-scale water harvesting structures and the provision of equipment to transport water to the fields.
To improve understanding for 500 women and their spouses on more equitable gender roles in agriculture by conducting training and behavior change communication (BCC) sessions.
Key Project Activities
- Trainings for village resource persons (VRPs) on improved agricultural practices and BCC
- Provision of agricultural inputs, including seeds, fertilizers and pesticides
- Construction of 10 lift irrigation structures with labor contributions from project beneficiaries
- BCC activities around the division of labor by gender within households and in the agriculture cycle